Josep Dalmau

Josep Dalmau

Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer

Life & Medical Sciences

Dr. Dalmau received his MD, PhD from Autonoma University of Barcelona.  He trained in Neuro-oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, and then joined the faculty. After 11 years, he became co-director of Neuro-oncology, University of Arkansas. In 2002 he was named Professor of Neurology at the University of Pennsylvania. Currently he is ICREA Research Professor, IDIBAPS-Clinic Hospital, Associate Professor Medicine, University of Barcelona, Adjunct Professor Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, and Guest Researcher, NIH, USA. He is Editor of Neurology: Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation, and member of many academic societies including the National Academy of Medicine, USA. He has received numerous awards, including the Jacoby Award (American Neurological Association), the Zülch Prize (Max Planck Society), and Premio Rey Jaime I (Spain). Since 2015 he is listed as a Highly Cited Researcher by Clarivate Analytics.

Research interests

My research focuses on immune-mediated diseases of the nervous system. Although this work initially focused on cancer associated (paraneoplastic) disorders, it evolved with our discovery of a category of diseases named antibody-mediated encephalitis. These diseases occur in association with antibodies against neuronal cell-surface proteins, ion channels, or synaptic receptors involved in synaptic transmission and plasticity. Antibody-mediated changes in the structure or function of these antigens result in several different syndromes characterized by psychosis, epilepsy, memory deficits, abnormal movements, sleep dysfunction, or cognitive decline. My research group carries out translational studies including the identification of novel diseases (e.g., anti-NMDAR encephalitis among others), the development of diagnostic tests and treatment strategies, as well as basic studies aimed at elucidating the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the immune-mediated brain dysfunction

Selected publications

– Gaig C, Ercilla G, Daura X, Ezquerra M, Fernández-Santiago R, Palou E, Sabater L, Höftberger R, Heidbreder A, Högl B, Iranzo A, Santamaría J, Dalmau J, Graus F 2019, ‘HLA and microtubule-associated protein tau H1 haplotype associations in anti-IgLON5 disease’, Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm  12;6(6). pii: e605.

Dalmau J, Armangué T, Planagumà J, Radosevic M, Mannara F, Leypoldt F, Geis C, Lancaster E, Titulaer MJ, Rosenfeld MR, Graus F 2019, ‘An update on anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis for neurologists and psychiatrists: Mechanisms and models‘, Lancet Neurol, 18, 11, 1045 – 1057.

– Armangué T, Baucells-Lokyer BJ, Vlagea A, Petit M, Esteve A, Deyá-Martínez A, Pérez de Diego R, Dalmau J, Alsina L 2019, ‘Toll-like receptor 3 deficiency in autoimmune encephalitis post-herpes simplex encephalitis’, Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm, 6:e611.

– Geis C, Planaguma J, Carreño M, Graus F & Dalmau J 2019, ‘Autoimmune seizures and epilepsy’. J Clin Invest 129:926 – 940.

– Balu R, McCracken L, Graus F, Dalmau J* & Titulaer MJ 2019, ‘A simple score that predicts functional status at one year in patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis’, Neurology, 92: e244 – e252. (*corresponding author)

– Graus F & Dalmau J 2019, ‘Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes in the era of immune checkpoint inhibitors’, Nat Rev Clinc Oncol 16:535-548.

– Gaig C, Iranzo A, Cajochen C, Vilaseca I, Embic C, Dalmau J, Graus F, Santamaria J 2019, ‘Characterization of the sleep disorder of anti-IgLON5 disease’. Sleep , 42, 9, UNSP zsz133.