Jordi Miralda Escudé

Jordi Miralda Escudé

Universitat de Barcelona

Experimental Sciences & Mathematics

I learned physics at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, and astronomy on my own and through some amateur associations in Catalonia. I did my PhD in astrophysics at Princeton University, graduating in 1991 with a thesis on gravitational lensing by clusters of galaxies and large-scale structure. I was a postdoc at the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge, and a Long-Term Member at the Institute for Advanced Study. I joined the University of Pennsylvania as a professor of astrophysics in 1996, and then moved to The Ohio State University in 2000. I moved back to Catalonia with an ICREA position in 2005, and I have been doing research on astrophysics and cosmology at the Institut de Ciències del Cosmos in the University of Barcelona. At present I am interested in the nature of dark matter in the Universe and axion detection experiments.

Research interests

I enjoy searching for physical explanations of what we observe in the Universe. My interests range over the formation of galaxies and their large-scale distribution, gravitational lensing and dark matter in the Universe, the intergalactic medium, and black holes in galactic nuclei. For many years I have focused on the large-scale distribution of intergalactic gas probed by absorption spectra in quasar spectroscopic surveys, which reveals crucial clues on both the initial conditions of the Universe and the formation of galaxies. At present I am looking at various techniques to inquire on the nature of dark matter, among them the observation of extremely magnified high-redshift stars close to the critical curves of clusters of galaxies acting as gravitational lenses, the study of tidal streams of stars left by stellar systems orbiting the Milky Way galaxy, and several techniques to detect axion waves as a highly promising dark matter candidate.

Selected publications

- Palau CG & Miralda-Escude J 2023, 'The oblateness of the Milky Way dark matter halo from the stellar streams of NGC 3201, M68, and Palomar 5', Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society, 524, 2, 2124-2147.
- Ahyoune S, et al. 2023, 'A Proposal for a Low-Frequency Axion Search in the 1-2 ueV Range and Below with the BabyIAXO Magnet', Annalen der Physik, 535, 12, 2300326.

Selected research activities

-I have been active in collaborations for experimental searches of the axion (IAXO, Rades), a promising candidate for the cold dark matter of the Universe, doing data analysis and investigating the use of superconducting qubits to reach higher sensitivity.
-I have acted as Scientific Director at the Institute of Cosmos Sciences as the Principal Investigator of the Maria de Maeztu award.