BSc degree in Forest Science at University of Firenze (Italy, 1992). Research Associate at Istituto Sperimentale per la Selvicoltura (Italy, 1992). PhD in plant environmental biology at the University of Firenze (Italy, 1993-1995). Postdoc at Boyce Thompson at Cornell University (USA, 1995-1997). Lecturer, senior lecturer, reader, then Professor of Forest Science at Edinburgh University (UK, 1997-2016). Since 2018, ranked as a Highly Cited Researcher (top 1% by citations) in the field of Plant & Animal Science by Clarivate Analytics. Ranked among the top Italian Scientists in the area of Natural & Environmental Science by Via-Academy (http://www.topitalianscientists.org/top_italian_scientists.aspx).